International Journal of Research in Economics and Commerce (IJREC)



Dr. Sikander Khan

Editor
  Superior University, Lahore, Pakistan
  skkhan@superior.edu.pk

Sumaira Rehman

Associate Editor
  Superior University, Lahore, Pakistan
  sumaira.rehman@superior.edu.pk

Dr.Muhammad Ilyas

Assistant Editor
  Superior University, Lahore, Pakistan
  m.ilyas@superior.edu.pk



Dr. Omar Masood

Members
  Superior University, Lahore, Pakistan
  masood_omar@hotmail.com

Dr. Stephen Murdoch


  IESEG School of Management, France
  s.murdoch@ieseg.fr

Dr. Kumar Biswas


  The University of Newcastle, Australia
  kumar.biswas@uon.edu.au



Dr. Anna A. Dokukina Plekhanov


  Russian University of Economics Moscow, Russia
  annaad@rambler.ru

Dr. Ahmad M. Khalid

PhD (johns Hopkins)
  Bond University Australia

Dr. Ian Chapman


  University of Cumbria UK



Dr. Sayyid Salman Rizavi


  Hailley College of Commerce (PU) Lahore

Dr. Maulina Pia Wulandari


  The University of Newcastle, Australia
  maulina.wulandari@uon.edu.au

Dr. Adiqa Kausar Kiani


  Federal Urdu University of Arts, Science & Technology, Pakistan
  adiqakian@gmail.com



Dr. Muhammad Ramzan


  Lahore University of Management Sciences, Pakistan
  mramzan@lums.edu.pk

Dr. Hafiz Khalil Ahmed


  University of the Punjab, Pakistan
  Hafizkhalil62@pu.edu.pk

Dr.Hannan M. Mian


  Forman Christian College
  hannan_mian@hotmail.com



Dr. Imran Ali


  Comsats Institute of Information Technology Lahore
  imranlinim@gmail.com

Dr. Ashfaq Ahmad


  Bahria University Lahore
  ashfaq.ahmad@bahria.edu.pk

Dr. Ghulam Hussain


  Comsats Institute of Information Technology Sahiwal
  hussain@citisahiwal.edu.pk



Muhammad Umer Azeem


  Johannes Kepler Univeristy Linz Austria

Saqib Ilyas


  Aix-Marselle Univeristy

Sholpan Maralbayeva


  International Academy of Business Kazakhstan
  msholpanm@hotmail.com



Linda Lambey

Registered Accountant
  Indonesia
  lindalambey@yahoo.com

Dr.Ahmad Raza Bilal

Registered Accountant
  Superior University, Lahore, Pakistan
  arb@superior.edu.pk

Dr.Muhammad Ramzan Sheikh


  School of Economics Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan
  ramzansheikh@bzu.edu.pk



Prof.Dr. Imran Sharif Chaudhry


  School of Economics Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan
  imran@bzu.edu.pk


1.  As a guide, articles should be between 4000 and 8000 words in length.

2. A brief yet comprehensive & self-explanatory title should be provided.

3. A brief autobiographical note should be supplied including full name, affiliation, e-mail address, full international contact details and brief professional biography. This information should be provided on a separate sheet and authors should not be identified anywhere else in the article. Authors must supply a structured abstract that should not exceed 250 words and cover the following aspects

    • Purpose (mandatory)
    • Design/methodology/approach (mandatory)
    • Findings (mandatory)
    • Research limitations/implications (if applicable)
    • Practical implications (if applicable)
    • Social implications (if applicable)
    • Originality/value (mandatory).

4. Please provide up to five keywords which encapsulate the principal topics of the paper.

5. Categorize your paper under one of these classifications:

    • Research paper – Viewpoint
    • Technical paper
    • Conceptual paper
    • Case study
    • Literature review
    • General review.

6.  Headings must be short, with a clear indication of the distinction between the hierarchies of headings. The preferred format is for headings to be presented in bold format, with consecutive numbering.

7. Notes or Endnotes should be used only if absolutely necessary and must be identified in the text by consecutive numbers, enclosed in square brackets and listed at the end of the article.

8. Each Figure (charts, diagrams, line drawings and photographic images) should be supplied separately (i.e. not within the article itself). Figures should be of clear quality, numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals, and may be supplied in color to facilitate their appearance in color on the online database.

9. Figures created in MS Word, MS PowerPoint, MS Excel, Illustrator and Freehand should be saved in their native formats. Electronic figures created in other applications should be copied from the origination software and pasted into a blank MS Word document.

10. For figures which cannot be supplied in MS Word, acceptable standard image formats are: pdf, ai, wmf and eps. If you are unable to supply graphics in these formats then please ensure they are tif, jpeg (jpg), or bmp at a resolution of at least 300dpi and at least 10cm wide.

11. Tables should be typed and included as part of the manuscript. They should not be submitted as graphic elements. Supply succinct and clear captions for all tables and figures. Ensure that any superscripts or asterisks are shown next to the relevant items and have corresponding explanations displayed as footnotes to the table or figure.

12. References preference is that manuscripts be prepared using the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. All publications must be in APA style and carefully checked for completeness, accuracy and consistency.

13. The editors do not own any responsibility for the use of authors and the reliability of the data used by them. The authors are self-responsible for any plagiarism.


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